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Durerile de dinti la copii

dantura de lapte, dinti de lapte, dinti sensibili, dureri de dinti copii
Dentist.ro | 02.12.2009



Durerile de dinti ale copilului tau au doua cauze majore, strans legate de varsta micutului:

•    Durerea provocata de aparitia primilor dintisori, in perioada 1 luna – 1 an si jumatate.
•    Durerea provocata de carii, in perioada dintilor de lapte (caria de biberon) sau dupa aparitia dintilor permanenti.

Pe langa aceste doua cauze, copilul poate avea dureri de dinti provocate de aparitia abcesului dentar sau de diferite accidente.


Durerea provocata de aparitia primilor dinti


In viata bebelusului, aparitia primilor dinti este un moment delicat atat pentru micut, cat si pentru parinti.

De ce este dureros? Eruptia dentara este procesul prin care apar primii dinti. Acestia incep sa se dezvolte inca de la nastere, dar momentul major care provoaca durerea este strapungerea gingiei, si aparitia lor propiu-zisa. Pe masura ce dintisorii cresc, gingia se inflameaza si se inroseste provocand disconfort bebelusului.

Durerea provocata de eruptia dentara difera de la copil la copil, manifestandu-se in unele cazuri la aparitia primului dintisor sau in altele la aparitia molarilor.

Sfaturi pentru a controla durerea

Gingia inflamata poate fi racorita cu o panza umeda. La fel de folositor poate fi masajul bland al gingiei cu varful degetului sau cu un gel anestezic si antiseptic procurat din farmacie, special pentru copii.

Special pentru momentul aparitiei primilor dinti este folosit „inelul de dentitie” din plastic. Acesta  este racit, in prealabil, in frigider, pentru atenuarea durerii si evitarea inflamarii gingiei. „Inelul de dentitie” este procurat din farmacie.

Senzatia micutului in acesta perioada este de a duce la gura manuta sau obiectele din jur. Este indicat sa fie lasat sa mestece paine, biscuiti fara zahar, morcov, fructe racite la frigider etc.


Durerea provocata de cariile dentare


Atat dintii de lapte cat si cei permanenti sunt predispusi aparitiei cariilor in lipsa unei igiene orale precare. Durerile de dinti acuzate la contactul cu alimente fierbinti sau reci pot fi primele semne ca micutului tau ii apar primele carii. Odata aparute, cariile pot fi tratate numai de catre medicul stomatolog.

O alta problema asociata tot cu igiena orala necorespunzatoare este abcesul dentar. Abcesul se prezinta sub forma unui „sac” cu puroi, aflat la radacina dintelui, iar aparitia lui este insotita de o durere pulsanta. Odata cu aparitia abcesului, gingia este foarte inflamata si foarte sensibila .

Sfaturi in cazul durerii provocate de carii

Daca nu ne putem feri copilul de durerea provocata de aparitia primilor dinti, cu siguranta il putem feri de durerea provocata de carii. Sunt trei reguli de baza care ne ajuta sa ocolim momentele de durere: o igiena orala orala corecta, o alimentatie sanatoasa si vizitele regulate la medicul stomatolog. Toate cele trei reguli trebuie sa fie respectate de la o varsta foarte mica, pentru a evita durerea de dinti a copilului. Daca nu am tinut cont de aceste reguli si copilul simte disconfortul durerii de dinti trebuie sa il programam cat mai curand pentru o vizita la cabinetul stomatologic.

Pentru ca la varsta copilariei, cel mic este foarte energic, curios si dornic sa descopere lumea, pot aparea si accidente. Ne putem confrunta cu probleme ca sangerarea gingiilor, spargerea sau pierderea unui dinte. In cazul accidentelor trebuie contactat medicul pediatru, ulterior medicul dentist, pentru a ne asigura de dezvoltarea corecta si sanatoasa a dintilor.

Autor: Simona Paun

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